A simple cheatsheet for macro nutrient additions in hydroponics

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In hydroponic growing, we are often faced with the need to adjust the nutrient concentrations of a fertilizer reservoir or foliar spray directly, in order to increase the quantity of some nutrient by a specific amount. Although you can use a program like HydroBuddy in order to quickly calculate these values, it is often the case that these calculations need to be done in the field or in a growing environment, and a computer to calculate things is not at hand. For this reason, I have created a small “cheat sheet” that you can use in order to figure out the amounts of salts that you would need to add to a solution to increase any of the macronutrients by 10 ppm.

Salt NameppmElementppm Elementg/Lg/gal
Calcium nitrate (ag grade)10N (NO3-)13.19Ca0.06940.2629
MAP10N (NH4+)22.1P0.08210.3108
Ammonium Sulfate10N (NH4+)11.4S0.04720.1785
Gypsum10Ca7.99S0.04300.1626
Calcium Chloride10Ca17.69Cl0.02770.1048
Magnesium Nitrate Hexahydrate10N (NO3-)8.67Mg0.09150.3463
Epsom Salt10Mg13.19S0.10140.3839
Magnesium Chloride10Mg29.16Cl0.03920.1483
AgSil 16H10Si10.9K0.04110.1554
MKP10P12.62K0.04390.1663
Potassium Nitrate10N (NO3-)27.87K0.07300.2763
Potassium Sulfate10K22.285K0.02230.0844
Potassium Chloride10K9.067Cl0.01910.0722
Cheatsheet for macronutrient additions in hydroponics

With the above cheatsheet, you can quickly evaluate some of the most common options you would have to increase all the different macronutrients in a hydroponic or foliar solution by 10 ppm and which secondary elemental contributions you would get from these additions. For example, if you add 0.0694g/L of Calcium Nitrate, this would add 10ppm of Nitrogen as nitrate plus 13.19ppm of Calcium. Careful consideration of secondary contributions need to be taken into account, especially when using salts that contain elements that can be toxic, such as chlorides.

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